Kirk v Industrial Court of New South Wales (2010) 239 CLR 531
The case of Kirk v Industrial Court of New South Wales is an essential Administrative Law case that teaches us about jurisdictional error and private clauses. An employee of Kirk Holdings died in a tragic motor vehicle accident. The company's director ceded the property manager's authority to run and maintain the farm. Regrettably, the same manager died during his employment and management of the farm. Kirk Holdings allegedly breached OH&S laws for failing to ensure the health and safety of its employees. Although the Industrial Court of NSW convicted Kirk, the trial involved two problematic approaches the prosecution took.
Firstly, the nature of the offence did not identify how Kirk Holdings breached the Occupational Health and Safety Act 1983 (NSW). Secondly, Kirk was called a witness even though the Evidence Act 1995 (NSW) precluded defendants from providing evidence as witnesses. To further complicate matters, the Industrial Relations Act 1996 (NSW) s 179 stated that decisions of the Industrial Court were conclusive and not subject to appeal in any other court.
It has not been proven beyond a reasonable doubt whether Kirk's Lawyer woke up that day and chose violence, but Kirk challenged the decision.
As such, The High Court permitted the appeal providing that s 179 of the Industrial Relations Act 1996 (NSW) prevented appeals for decisions that contained an error of law on the face of the record rather than by jurisdictional error. The High Court also determined that the conduct of the trial breached the rules of Evidence and the OH&S Act. Therefore The High Court concluded that the Industrial Court was acting outside its jurisdictional power. The High Court recommended a quashing of the charges against Kirk Holdings.